Sight problems

The most common ophthalmic problems in children include:

  • vision impairments – myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism.
  • anisometropia – this is the occurrence of a large difference in vision impairments between the left eye and the right eye. This can lead to a “lazy” eye with a greater impairment, and this in turn causes amblyopia.
  • a disease involving the non-parallel alignment of the eyes. Strabismus can occur from birth. It can appear between the 6th month and the 7th year of a child’s life – this is the so-called accommodative strabismus, associated with hyperopia.
  • abnormal binocular vision – or the lack of depth perception. This problem occurs in children with uncorrected vision impairment, anisometropia or strabismus.

Early detection of vision disorders gives a chance to restore normal function of the organ of vision as a result of treatment.

Functional disorders

Treatment of functional disorders in children (vision impairments, anisometropia, strabismus or abnormal binocular vision) requires patience and close cooperation of parents with a physician. In the treatment of vision impairments the following are used:

  • correction with eye glasses
  • veiling, i.e. obstruction of the better eye, in order to stimulate the eye with amblyopia to working
  • orthoptic exercises on synoptophore, stimulating binocular vision
  • surgical treatment of strabismus, in the case where conservative methods appear ineffective, and the angle of deviation still remains large.

Diseases of genetic origin

This group of diseases includes:

  • malignant neoplasm of origin in primary retinal cells, called retinoblastoma
  • congenital cataract
  • glaucoma
  • melanoma and others.

Diseases of genetic origin constitute an extremely dangerous group of diseases. Particularly exposed to them are children, in family of whom a burden of these diseases occurred. Children burdened with genetic diseases need to be undergone frequent specialised examinations:

  • at 2 weeks after birth
  • every 3 months in the 1st year of life
  • every 4 months in the 2nd year of life
  •  every 6 months until 6 years of age.

Mostly the first symptoms of abnormal vision in children noticeable by parents is white pupil or strabismus. These symptoms occur already in the advanced stage of the disease, so it is important to timely perform checkups.

Eye diseases of origin in the environment

This group of diseases includes:

  • toxoplasmosis
  • toxocariasis
  • Lyme disease.

This group of diseases endangers children who have constant contact with dogs, cats or often reside in forested areas. Regular visits to the ophthalmologist are necessary in such cases, because the above-mentioned diseases, if left untreated, can lead to irreversible anatomical and functional changes.

In the case of retinopathy of prematurity, in preterm infants, treatment is conducted with method of photoablation (photocoagulation). This prevents the progression of the disease and gives the child a chance for normal vision. Other ocular disorders in premature infants are treated like in other children.

At MAVIT Medical Centre we do not deal with diagnostics and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity and retinoblastoma. These diseases require diagnostics and treatment at reference centres, mainly at hospital infirmaries.

Warsaw Bielany

Warsaw Ursynów

Katowice Nikiszowiec

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